© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Confisted illegal firearms are displayed during a news conference at New York City Police Headquarters (NYPD) in New York, October 27, 2015. REUTERS / Brendan McDermid
(Fix ‘proposal’ to ‘new’ in paragraph 17)
By Jonathan Allen
NEW YORK (Reuters) – New York state on Friday passed legislation banning the use of guns in many public places, including Times Square, and requiring gun license applicants to demonstrate proficiency. Shoot their guns and submit their social media accounts for review.
The legislation, passed in an emergency legislative session, was forced by a landmark U.S. Supreme Court ruling last week that overturned New Year’s gun license restrictions. York. The court’s conservative majority ruled for the first time that the U.S. Constitution grants an individual the right to carry a weapon in public for self-defense.
New York Democratic leaders have criticized the ruling and the court, saying there would be more gun violence if more people carried guns.
They acknowledge they must relax the state’s centuries-old licensing scheme to comply with the ruling, but seek to keep as many restrictions as possible in the name of public safety. Some will likely be targets for further legal challenges.
The court ruled that New York’s old permit regime, dating back to 1911, gave officials the power to refuse too many permits.
New York Governor Kathy Hochul, a Democrat who ordered an extraordinary session of the legislature, said the state’s gun licensing regulations have resulted in New York’s death rate. because it’s the 5th lowest gun out of the 50 states in the US.
“Our state will continue to keep New Yorkers safe from harm, even if the Supreme Court fails,” she said at a news conference in the state capital Albany, while Lawmakers are debating the bill. “They may think they can change our lives with the stroke of a pen, but we also have pens.”
The court’s ruling allowed people to ban weapons in certain “sensitive places” but warned lawmakers against applying the label too widely.
The courts have also made it easier for pro-gun groups when regulations are overturned. It ruled that a firearms regulation could be unconstitutional if it did not match the 18th-century Second Amendment of the United States Constitution https://constitution.congress.gov/ constitution/amendment-2, allowing states to maintain militias and defining the right to “keep and bear arms,” was ratified.
The law passed Friday puts guns on a new list of sensitive places, including: government buildings, medical facilities, places of worship, libraries, playgrounds, parks, zoos, schools schools, colleges, summer camps, addiction-support centers, homeless shelters, nursing homes, public transportation including the New York City subway, places to spend alcohol or marijuana consumption, museums, theatres, stadiums and other venues, polling stations and Times Square.
Republican lawmakers complain that the law went into effect on September 1, making the right to bear arms less than other constitutional rights, such as freedom of speech and religion.
“Now, it’s going to be easier to get a permit to carry a trace,” said Mike Lawler, a Republican member of Congress. “But you won’t be able to take it anywhere.”
‘VIOLATION OF CHANGES’
The National Rifle Association, a powerful gun owners’ rights group whose local branch is the lead plaintiff in the Supreme Court case, called New York’s law a “clear violation” of its judgement. resolved by creating more barriers to New Yorkers’ right to defend themselves, suggesting it could soon face legal challenges.
“Governor Hochul and her Anti-Second Amendment allies in Albany challenged the U.S. Supreme Court with a malicious rewrite of New York’s concealed implementation law,” Darin Hoens, director of the New York state NRA, said in a statement.
The court ruled in the New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen that New York’s licensing officials had too much of a subjective decision-making power over who could be entitled to what they deemed a constitutional right. . Applicants were denied a carry-on permit if they could not convince an official that they had “good cause,” or some kind of special reason, to carry a handgun for self-defense. .
Reluctantly and not without objection, Hochul agreed the state must remove “good cause” requests, although the law still requires licensing officers to find applicants of “ethical character” good.”
The new licensing rules require applicants to meet with a licensing officer, usually a judge or police official, for a face-to-face interview and to provide contact details for certain immediate family members and any adults they live with.
The law makes it a felony to bring a firearm into a private business unless the business gives firm notice that a concealed weapon is welcome.