US President Joe Biden arrived in Mexico ahead of bilateral meetings with Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, as well as a joint meeting of the three North American leaders, dubbed the summit. “Three Friends” peak.
Problems migrate, illegal drugs, climate change, manufacturing and trade are set to prevail in a two-day meeting between longtime allies who have overcome some friction in relations in recent years. recent years. Meanwhile, human rights group Amnesty International urged leaders to make “the rights of refugees and migrants” a top priority.
In a tweet upon landing in Mexico, Biden said the meeting “will strengthen our coordination and advance our shared priorities for North America”.
Lopez Obrador, meanwhile, told reporters: “The integration needs to be enhanced.”
The visit begins with the arrival of the US president late on Sunday at Felipe Angeles The International Airport, a highly regarded $4.1 billion project initiated by Lopez Obrador and inaugurated last year but has yet to materialize as a hub for high-traffic travel as high as expected. Biden was greeted by the Mexican leader at the airport, the two shook hands on the tarmac and together walked down the red carpet flanked by soldiers. Then they drove together for an hour into the heart of Mexico City.
I went to Mexico to meet President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador of Mexico and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada at the North American Leaders Summit.
This meeting will strengthen our coordination and advance our shared priorities for North America. pic.twitter.com/pYDLd1eetU
– President Biden (@POTUS) January 9, 2023
Biden and Lopez Obrador will meet again Monday afternoon at the National Palace, before having dinner with Trudeau. On Tuesday, the trio planned to host the 10th North American Leaders Summit.
U.S. priorities include addressing the tense political issue of the growing number of U.S.-Mexico border line by undocumented migrants and asylum seekers, as well as the rise in cross-border fentanyl smuggling have fueled a deadly addiction epidemic in the United States. On Sunday, Biden made where to visit to the southern border as president.
Meanwhile, Mexico is expected to focus on economic integration for North America and programs to address poverty in the region and root causes of migration, while Canada is expected to will seek to expand green initiatives.
Take off for Mexico City. In the next few days, I will meet with @POTUS Biden, President @LopezObrador_and business leaders to strengthen our economy, create good jobs, and build a better future for people across North America. More to come – stay tuned.
– Justin Trudeau (@JustinTrudeau) January 9, 2023
In November 2021, three leaders praised strengthen partnership during the North American Leaders Summit in Washington, DC, the first of its kind since former President Donald Trump stopped gatherings upon taking office in 2017. However, the trio did not announce any major breakthrough.
Meanwhile, Biden’s arrival on Sunday marks the first time a US president has set foot on Mexican soil since former President Barack Obama made the trip in 2014.
Despite historically close ties, Lopez Obrador has largely kept his distance from his northern neighbours. He did not coming The Summit of the Americas was hosted by the US last year after the Biden administration chose not to invite Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela, citing concerns about human rights and the lack of democratic standards in the three countries.
The Mexican leader also Grilled Washington and Ottawa on his decision to hand control of the country’s energy markets to cash-strapped state energy companies. Its northern neighbors say the policy undermines the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) trade deal and have launched dispute resolution proceedings against Mexico.
Prime Minister Trudeau told Reuters news agency on Friday that he would take the view that resolving the energy dispute would bring more foreign investment to Mexico and that he believed progress would be made.
Despite the friction, the most recent visit came before two waves of Mexican support for key US priorities.
In a move, Mexico City agreed to cooperate on a controversial issue. Biden Management Plan could see 30,000 migrants and refugees from Cuba, Nicaragua, Haiti and Venezuela deported to Mexico every month.
Rights groups have slam it’s part of a newly announced policy that allows US authorities to deport asylum seekers from four countries who cross the US-Mexico border irregularly. In return, the Biden administration created a new parole program that would allow 30,000 residents of four countries to enter the United States each month and work for two years, as long as they have a sponsor in the United States and pass background checks. Those deported for illegally crossing the border will be barred from participating in the program.
On Monday, Amnesty International urged North American leaders to prioritize the rights of those “fleeing violence and repression” during the summit.
Erika Guevara-Rosas, the group’s regional director for the Americas, instead of raising barriers for those on the move and making it even more difficult for them, President Biden, President López Obrador and Prime Minister Trudeau must take measures to protect their rights in North America and abroad. , said in a statement.
The Mexican government last week also announced arrest by Ovidio Guzman, the son of notorious drug lord Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, who the United States considers a key figure in the Sinaloa cartel founded by his father and a major fentanyl dealer. News of the arrest causing violence killed at least 29.
The Biden administration has said that during the visit it will tackle the rise in cross-border smuggling of highly addictive and often deadly drugs, which has become an increasingly politically tense issue for the president. system.
Climate change and cooperation in clean energy technologies will also be on the summit’s agenda, with Mexico hoping to benefit from Washington’s efforts to reduce its reliance on developers. production based in Asia. But while Biden push towards the tram Considered a boon for both countries because of the tax credits for North American-made batteries, there are still concerns that Mexico and Canada could be left behind in this initiative.
The leaders of Canada and Mexico also expressed concern about Biden’s “Buy America” plan, which pushes US states to use more US-made materials in infrastructure projects new, potentially diverting trade from U.S. allies.