BEIJING: Half of China’s vast territory is currently experiencing drought, including parts of frost Tibetan PlateauOfficial data shows – with higher temperatures forecast on Thursday for hundreds of millions of people enduring the country’s hottest summer on record.
The world’s second-largest economy has been hit by record heat, flash floods and droughts – phenomena that scientists say are becoming more frequent and more intense as a result of climate change.
Southern China this week recorded the longest period of continuous high temperatures since records began more than 60 years ago, the agriculture ministry said.
Experts say the intensity, scope and duration of the heatwave could make it one of the worst heatwaves on record in global history.
A word chart National Climate Center showed on Wednesday that swathes of southern China – including the Tibetan Plateau – were experiencing “severe” to “unusual” drought conditions.
The hardest hit areas – Yangtze River The basin, which stretches from coastal Shanghai to China’s southwestern Sichuan province – is home to more than 370 million people and has several manufacturing hubs including the megacity of Chongqing.
The China Meteorological Administration Temperatures are forecast to continue as high as 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) in Chongqing and the provinces of Sichuan, Jiangxi and Zhejiang on Thursday.
China’s State Council on Wednesday announced a 10 billion yuan ($1.45 billion) subsidy to support rice farmers facing a drought that authorities have warned is a threat. “serious threat” to this year’s fall harvest.
China produces more than 95 percent of the rice, wheat and corn it consumes, but reduced harvests could mean increased import demand in the world’s most populous country – putting more pressure on resources. global supply already strained by the conflict in Ukraine.
Officials also called for “combining measures to increase water resources to combat drought, first of all to ensure water for people’s living, and to ensure water for agriculture”, the information added.
Wednesday evening CCTV showed trucks supplying villagers with shortages of domestic and agricultural water in rural Sichuan and Chongqing, with remote mountainous areas particularly hard hit. .
Temperatures as high as 45 degrees Celsius (113 degrees Fahrenheit) have forced many Chinese provinces to cut industrial power, as cities struggle to cope with soaring electricity demand in part due to people using air conditioners. air conditioning.
Record low water levels on the Yangtze River have also put pressure on hydroelectric generators in the area.
Record-breaking temperatures in Sichuan, where a temperature of 43.9 degrees Celsius (111 Fahrenheit) was recorded on Wednesday afternoon, the province Meteorological Service Center said in a statement.