At UN General Assembly, leaders condemn Russia’s war in Ukraine | Russia-Ukraine war News

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has taken center stage at the United Nations General Assembly, with Germany and France condemning the “imperialism” of Russian President Vladimir Putin, Qatar, Senegal and Turkey calling for meetings immediate peace talks, and Lithuania urged the creation of a war crimes tribunal to punish Moscow’s atrocities.

Standing at the United Nations meeting in New York late on Tuesday, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said there was “no justification” for Putin’s February decision to invade Ukraine. “This is imperialism, plain and simple,” he said, adding that it has brought disaster not only to Europe, but to the global, rules-based order.

“If we want this war to end, then we cannot be indifferent to how it ends,” Scholz said. “Putin will only give up war and his imperial ambitions if he realizes that he cannot win.” Therefore, Germany pledged that it would not accept a peace ordered by Russia and would continue to support “Ukraine with all our capabilities financially, economically, in humanitarian assistance and in arms.” .

The war in Ukraine has now entered its seventh month.

The conflict has become Europe’s largest since World War II, with thousands killed and millions forced from their homes. Meanwhile, the loss of important grain and fertilizer exports from Ukraine and Russia has caused a global food crisis, especially in the developing world.

During the two General Assembly votes immediately following the Russian invasion, about 140 member states of the United Nations strongly opposed Russia’s aggression against Ukraine and called for an immediate ceasefire and withdraw all Russian forces from the territory of Ukraine. But more than 30 countries abstained, including China, India and South Africa.

French President Emmanuel Macron, in a meaningful speech, said that no country should remain neutral about condemning the Russian invasion.

“Today’s silencers – regardless of themselves or secretly with some complicity – are serving the goal of a new imperialism, a contemporary skepticism that is destroying order. world,” he said, dismissing the narrative that the West is trying to defend out of date. values ​​to serve its interests.

“Who here can defend the idea that the invasion of Ukraine justifies the absence of sanctions?” he asks. “Who among you here would have thought that one day when something similar to a stronger neighbor happens to you, there will be silence from the region, from the world?”

“I call on all members of this council to support us on our path to peace and to act to force Russia to abandon the option of war so that it realizes the cost to itself and us. us and stop our aggression,” he said. “It’s not about choosing a camp between East and West, but it’s everyone’s responsibility to respect the UN charter.”

‘New Cold War’

Meanwhile, Lithuanian President Gitanas Nauseda called on UN member states to set up a tribunal to punish Russia’s alleged war crimes.

“There can be no punishment for atrocities and atrocities committed during the war. Ensuring justice and accountability is of vital importance from the point of view of the credibility of the United Nations and the international community,” he said, calling on countries that buy Russian oil to stop importing and ” stop funding this bloody war”.

But some countries are uncomfortable having to choose which side.

“I have come to say that Africa has borne enough of the burden of history; Macky Sall, President of Senegal and current President of the African Union.

“We call for the de-escalation and cessation of hostilities in Ukraine as well as for a negotiated solution to avoid the catastrophic risk of a possible global conflict. Negotiations and discussions are the best tools we have to promote peace. I make a call to assemble a high-level reconciliation mission to which the African Union is ready to contribute. “

Emir of Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani has called for peace talks.

“We are fully aware of the complexity of the Russia-Ukraine conflict and its international scale, however, we call for a cease-fire and the immediate pursuit of a peaceful resolution to the conflict,” he said. conflict. “Anyway, this is how the matter will end, no matter how long the war lasts. Its continuation would not alter this outcome, but would rather increase the number of victims, and double its devastating consequences for Europe, Russia and the global economy at large.

Meanwhile, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said the deal his country and the United Nations helped broker Ukraine’s grain exports recently was one of the global agency’s biggest achievements in recent years. recent years.

“As a result of our intense efforts with United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, we have ensured that Ukraine’s grain reaches the world through the Black Sea,” Erdogan said in his speech. “This agreement, of vital importance in maintaining the global grain supply, is one of the greatest achievements of the United Nations in recent years.”

He said Turkey would continue its efforts to end the war with an agreement “based on the territorial integrity and independence of Ukraine”.

Other leaders who spoke on the first day of the joint debate included Japanese Prime Minister Fumio KishidaChilean President Gabriel Boric and Swiss President Ignazio Cassis.

US President Joe Biden and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy will address the United Nations General Assembly on Wednesday.

Putin and Chinese President Xi Jinping did not attend. They sent their foreign ministers instead.

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